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Air Mozilla: German speaking community bi-weekly meeting

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 21:00

German speaking community bi-weekly meeting Zweiwöchentliches Meeting der deutschsprachigen Community. ==== German speaking community bi-weekly meeting.

Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

Jeff Walden: Specialty plates in circuit courts, and the parties’ arguments at the Supreme Court

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 20:17

Yesterday I discussed the background to Walker v. Texas Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans. Stated briefly, Texas denied Texas SCV‘s application for a specialty license plate with a Confederate flag on it, because the design might be “offensive”. The question is whether Texas is required by the First Amendment to grant the application.

Today I discuss how specialty plate programs have fared in lower courts, and the arguments Texas and Texas SCV bring to the case.

In the courts

Almost every circuit court has required that specialty plate programs be viewpoint-neutral, not restricting designs because of their views. (And the one exception judged a program without an open invitation for designs.) So it’s unsurprising that Texas SCV won its Fifth Circuit case.

Texas appealed to the Supreme Court, which agreed to answer two questions. Are specialty plate programs “government speech” that need not be viewpoint-neutral, such that the design can be rejected as “offensive” (or, indeed, for almost any reason)? And did Texas discriminate by viewpoint in rejecting Texas SCV’s design?

Texas’s argument

Texas says license plates are entirely the government speaking, and it can say or not say whatever it wants. Texas relies on two cases: Pleasant Grove City v. Summum, in which a city’s approval of a limited set of monuments in its city park (and denial of a particular monument) was deemed government speech; and Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association, in which a government beef-promotion plan that exacted a fee from beef producers to support speech (including the Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner tagline) was deemed government speech that program participants couldn’t challenge on the grounds that it compelled them to speak.

According to Texas, its specialty plates are government speech because Texas “effectively control[s]” the whole program. What matters is whether Texas “exercises final approval authority over every word used” — and it does. Texas allows private citizens to participate, but it has “final approval authority” over every design. Texas also argues that it can’t be compelled to speak by displaying the Confederate flag. By making a license plate, the state’s authority backs (or doesn’t back) every design approved or rejected. Plate purchasers shouldn’t be able to force Texas to espouse the views of an unwanted specialty plate, which drivers would then ascribe to Texas.

The Texas-approved Mighty Fine Burger specialty plate According to Texas, this plate advertising Mighty Fine Burgers Fries Shakes is government speech.

And of course, Texas says ruling against them would lead to “untenable consequences”. For every “Stop Child Abuse” plate there’d have to be an opposing plate supporting child abuse, and so on for the whole parade of horribles. Texas particularly notes that the Eighth Circuit forced Missouri to let the Ku Klux Klan join the state’s Adopt-a-Highway program under this logic. (The person behind me in the oral argument line related that one of the highways entering Arkansas was adopted by the KKK under that rule, giving Arkansas visitors that delightful first impression of the state.)

Texas also asserted that assessing how members of the public view a specialty plate is “an objective inquiry”, so that deciding a specialty plate “might be offensive” doesn’t discriminate on the basis of the specialty plate’s viewpoint. As to the Fifth Circuit’s criticism of the “unbridled discretion” provided by the “might be offensive” bar, Texas instead describes it as “discriminating among levels of offensiveness”, such latitude permitted because the state is “assisting speech”.

Texas SCV’s argument

Texas SCV says Texas is being hypocritical. The Capitol gift shop sells Confederate flags. Texas recognizes a state Confederate Heroes Day. It maintains monuments to Confederate soldiers. Either Texas doesn’t really think the Confederate flag is offensive to the public, or its other “government speech” is flatly inconsistent with its specialty-plate stance.

Texas SCV also distinguishes the plates designed by the state legislature from plates designed by private entities. The former are the product of the government, but the only government involvement in the latter is in approval or disapproval. The driver has ultimate control, because only when he designs a plate and ultimately drives a vehicle with it does speech occur. And under Wooley v. Maynard — a case where a Jehovah’s Witness protested New Hampshire’s fining of people who covered up “Live Free or Die” on their license plates, and the Court said New Hampshire couldn’t force a person to espouse the state motto — it’s the individual’s speech (at least for non-legislatively-designed plates).

Texas SCV brushes off Summum and Johanns. Permanent monuments in parks have always been associated with the government, because parks physically can’t accommodate all monuments. Not so for license plates. (And Texas’s $8000 deposit covers startup costs that might justify treating rare plates differently.) And while the beef-promotion messages were part of a “coordinated program” by government to “advance the image and desirability of beef and beef products”, privately-designed specialty plates are not — especially as their fullycontradictory messages are “consistent” only as a fundraiser.

Finally, given that privately-designed specialty plates are private speech, the First Amendment requires that restrictions be viewpoint-neutral. By restricting Texas SCV’s message based on its potential for offensiveness, Texas endorsed viewpoints that deem the Confederate flag racist and discriminated against viewpoints that do not.

Tomorrow, analysis of Texas’s government speech and compelled speech arguments.

Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

Edward Lee: Whys and Hows of Suggested Tiles

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 20:11

As Darren discussed on Monday’s project call [wiki.mozilla.org], Suggested Tiles has been on track to go live to a larger audience next week for wider beta testing. I’ll provide some context around why we implemented this feature, details of how it works, and open questions of how to make it even better.

A suggestion made for people who visit Mozilla sites

A suggestion made for people who visit Mozilla sites

We’ve been looking for ways to improve the user experience within Firefox by combining data that Firefox knows about with data Mozilla can provide. We’re also in a good position to work with the advertising ecosystem so that we can change it to care more about the values Mozilla cares about. We want to create advertising products that respect user’s choice/control over their data and get others interested by showing money can be made.

Last November, we launched Tiles with a framework to show external content within Firefox’s new tab page. A relatively small portion of Firefox users saw these because they only showed up if there would have been empty tiles, i.e., new users with little history or existing users who cleared history. Suggested Tiles expands on this to be a little bit smarter by showing content based on the user’s top sites. For example, if a user tends to visit sites about mobile phones, Firefox can now decide to show a suggestion for Firefox for Android.

We intend to bring value to users by showing them content that they would be interested in and engage with. On the flip side, this means we purposefully hold back on showing content that users might get annoyed with and block. We do this in a way that requires using a minimal amount of the user’s data, and as usual, we provide controls to the user to turn things off if that’s desired. For the initial release of Suggested Tiles, we plan to show content from Mozilla such as mobile Firefox, MDN, and HTML5 gaming.

The Tiles framework has been built in ways that are different from traditional web advertising in both how it gets data into Firefox [blog.mozilla.org] and how it reports on Tiles performance. The two linked posts have quite a bit of detail, but to summarize, Firefox makes generic encrypted cookieless requests to get enough data to decide locally in Firefox whether content should be added to the new tab page. In order for us to have data on how to improve the experience, Firefox reports back when users see and click on these tiles and includes tile data such as IDs of added content but no URLs. We have aggressive data deletion policies and don’t keep any unique identifiers that can be associated with our users.

The technical changes to support Suggested Tiles are not overly complex as the server provides one additional value specifying when a suggestion should be shown. This value informs Firefox which sites need to be in the user’s top sites before showing the tile. The reporting mechanism is unchanged, so if a Suggested Tile is shown or clicked, Firefox reports back the tile’s ID and no URLs just as before.

Even though the technical changes are not too complicated, the effect of this can be significant. In particular, Firefox reports back if it shows a Suggested Tile, and if that tile is only shown when the user has been to one of various news sites, Firefox reveals to our servers that this user reads news. Our handling of the data is no different from before.

Because we care about user privacy, we have policies around how/what suggestions can be made. For example, to match on news sites, we make sure there’s at least 5 popular news sites for Firefox to check against. This makes it so there’s user deniability of which site the user actually visited. We also focus on broad uncontroversial topics, so we don’t make suggestions based on adult content or illegal gambling sites.

An additional layer of protection is built into Firefox by only allowing predefined sets of sites [hg.mozilla.org] for making suggestions. These include mobile phones, technology news, web development, and video games. This rigidness protects Firefox from accepting fake/malicious suggestions that could reveal data Mozilla doesn’t want to collect.

This last point is important to highlight because we want to have a discussion around how we can be more flexible in showing more relevant content and fixing mistakes. For example, people who care about video games might only care about a specific gaming platform, but because Firefox only allows for the predefined sites, we would end up suggesting content that many users didn’t actually want to see.

Feel free to respond with comments about Suggested Tiles or to join in on the discussion about various topics on dev.planning [groups.google.com]:

As usual, we have the source code available for Firefox [hg.mozilla.org] and our servers that send/receive tiles data [github.com], create tiles, and process tiles data. You can also find additional details in the Directory Links Architecture and Data Formats documentation [people.mozilla.org].

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Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

Air Mozilla: Community Education Call

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 19:00

Community Education Call The Community Education Working Group exists to merge ideas, opportunities, efforts and impact across the entire project through Education & Training.

Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

Mozilla s'inquiète de la Loi sur le renseignement - 01net

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 18:55

01net

Mozilla s'inquiète de la Loi sur le renseignement
01net
La loi sur le Renseignement a un nouvel adversaire, qui vient s'ajouter à la longue liste d'opposants au projet de loi du gouvernement. Et pas n'importe qui, puisqu'il s'agit de la Fondation Mozilla. L'éditeur de Firefox n'y va pas de main morte, dès ...
Mozilla s'exprime sur la Loi RenseignementL'Humanité

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Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

Air Mozilla: Reps weekly

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 17:00

Reps weekly Weekly Mozilla Reps call

Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

William Lachance: PyCon 2015

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 16:55

So I went to PyCon 2015. While I didn’t leave quite as inspired as I did in 2014 (when I discovered iPython), it was a great experience and I learned a ton. Once again, I was incredibly impressed with the organization of the conference and the diversity and quality of the speakers.

Since Mozilla was nice enough to sponsor my attendance, I figured I should do another round up of notable talks that I went to.

Technical stuff that was directly relevant to what I work on:

  • To ORM or not to ORM (Christine Spang): Useful talk on when using a database ORM (object relational manager) can be helpful and even faster than using a database directly. I feel like there’s a lot of misinformation and FUD on this topic, so this was refreshing to see. video slides
  • Debugging hard problems (Alex Gaynor): Exactly what it says — how to figure out what’s going on when things aren’t behaving as they should. Great advice and wisdom in this one (hint: take nothing for granted, dive into the source of everything you’re using!). video slides
  • Python Performance Profiling: The Guts And The Glory (Jesse Jiryu Davis): Quite an entertaining talk on how to properly profile python code. I really liked his systematic and realistic approach — which also discussed the thought process behind how to do this (hint: again it comes down to understanding what’s really going on). Unfortunately the video is truncated, but even the first few minutes are useful. video

Non-technical stuff:

  • The Ethical Consequences Of Our Collective Activities (Glyph): A talk on the ethical implications of how our software is used. I feel like this is an under-discussed topic — how can we know that the results of our activity (programming) serves others and does not harm? video
  • How our engineering environments are killing diversity (and how we can fix it) (Kate Heddleston): This was a great talk on how to make the environments in which we develop more welcoming to under-represented groups (women, minorities, etc.). This is something I’ve been thinking a bunch about lately, especially in the context of expanding the community of people working on our projects in Automation & Tools. The talk had some particularly useful advice (to me, anyway) on giving feedback. video slides

I probably missed out on a bunch of interesting things. If you also went to PyCon, please feel free to add links to your favorite talks in the comments!

Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

TomTom werkt met Mozilla samen aan navigatie op Firefox OS - Tweakers

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 14:14

NU.nl

TomTom werkt met Mozilla samen aan navigatie op Firefox OS
Tweakers
TomTom gaat samenwerken met Mozilla en telecomprovider Telefónica. Kaarten van het bedrijf komen daardoor beschikbaar voor gebruikers met een Firefox OS-toestel, terwijl sommige Télefonica-klanten met zo'n telefoon ook turn-by-turn navigatie ...
TomTom werkt samen met Mozilla en TelefónicaRTL Nieuws
TomTom in zee met Mozilla en TelefonicaBeurs.nl
TomTom werkt samen met Mozilla en TelefonicaConnexie B2B

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Mozilla Release Management Team: 38.0 & 38.0.5: An update on the upflits and branches

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 11:30

During the 38 cycle, we are going to publish a release between 38 & 39 (called 38.0.5).

In order to continue the development of 38 & 38.0.5 in parallel, we merged mozilla-beta (m-b) into mozilla-release (m-r).

Before:

  • m-b = 38.0.0 beta
  • m-r = 37.0.2

Now:

  • m-b = 38.0.5 beta (even if we won't build any for now)
  • m-r = 38.0 beta (next one being beta7)

We will do regular m-r => m-b merges to make sure 38.0.5 is up to date.

This does not impact aurora (aka 39). In case we have to make a new 37 dot release, we would use a relbranch.

The m-b tree is closed avoid any confusion.

Last but not least, uplift requests to 38 should be filled for mozilla-release 38.0.5 would be mozilla-beta. However, release managers and sheriffs will translate the information if the uplift requests are incorrect.

The schedule has been updated.

Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

TomTom provides maps, navigation apps for Firefox phones - Telecompaper (subscription)

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 10:30

TomTom provides maps, navigation apps for Firefox phones
Telecompaper (subscription)
TomTom announced a partnership with Mozilla and Telefonica to bring its Maps Online and Nav Online apps to Firefox OS smartphones. The apps will be offered in the Firefox Marketplace. Telefonica is a major backer of the Firefox OS and has launched ...

en meer »
Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

Tomtom werkt met Mozilla en Telefónica aan navigatie op smartphones - NU.nl

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 08:17

NU.nl

Tomtom werkt met Mozilla en Telefónica aan navigatie op smartphones
NU.nl
Tomtom is een samenwerking aangegaan met Mozilla en Telefónica om zijn navigatiekaarten en online-apps uit te brengen op smartphones met het besturingssysteem Firefox OS. Dat maakt Tomtom donderdag bekend, zonder financiële details te ...
TomTom in zee met Mozilla en TelefonicaBeurs.nl

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TomTom werkt samen met Mozilla en Telefónica - Telegraaf.nl

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 08:13

Telegraaf.nl

TomTom werkt samen met Mozilla en Telefónica
Telegraaf.nl
TomTom is een samenwerking aangegaan met Mozilla en Telefónica om zijn navigatiekaarten en online-apps uit te brengen op smartphones met het besturingssysteem Firefox OS. Dat maakte TomTom donderdag bekend, zonder financiële details te ...
TomTom werkt met Mozilla samen aan navigatie op Firefox OSTweakers
TomTom in zee met Mozilla en TelefonicaBeurs.nl

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TomTom in zee met Mozilla en Telefonica - Beurs.nl

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 08:09

Computer Totaal

TomTom in zee met Mozilla en Telefonica
Beurs.nl
Donderdag 23 april 2015 08:07 AMSTERDAM (Dow Jones)--TomTom nv (TOM2.AE) gaat samen met softwarebedrijf Mozilla en telecomconcern Telefonica zijn online kaarten en navigatie-apps lanceren op smartphones, die draaien op besturingssysteem ...
TomTom werkt met Mozilla samen aan navigatie op Firefox OSTweakers
TomTom werkt samen met Mozilla en TelefónicaComputer Totaal
TomTom werkt samen met Mozilla en TelefonicaConnexie B2B

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TomTom werkt samen met Mozilla en Telefónica - RTL Nieuws

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 07:59

Telegraaf.nl

TomTom werkt samen met Mozilla en Telefónica
RTL Nieuws
TomTom is een samenwerking aangegaan met Mozilla en Telefónica om zijn navigatiekaarten en online-apps uit te brengen op smartphones met het besturingssysteem Firefox OS. Dat maakte TomTom donderdag bekend, zonder financiële details te ...
TomTom in zee met Mozilla en TelefonicaBeurs.nl

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TomTom Launches Online Maps and Navigation In HTML5 Through Partnership ... - SYS-CON Media (press release)

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 07:41

PocketGPSWorld.com

TomTom Launches Online Maps and Navigation In HTML5 Through Partnership ...
SYS-CON Media (press release)
Mozilla has been a pioneer and advocate for the Web for more than 15 years. We create and promote open standards that enable innovation and advance the Web as a platform for all. Today, hundreds of millions of people worldwide use Mozilla Firefox to ...
TomTom Navi Goes to Telefónica Firefox OS DevicesGPS Business News

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TomTom Launches Online Maps and Navigation In HTML5 Through Partnership ... - Yahoo Finance UK

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 07:38

GPS Business News

TomTom Launches Online Maps and Navigation In HTML5 Through Partnership ...
Yahoo Finance UK
TomTom (TOM2) today announces a partnership with Mozilla and Telefónica to bring its Maps Online and Nav Online apps to HTML5 powered Firefox OS smartphone devices. “We're thrilled to offer Firefox OS users TomTom's Maps Online and Nav Online ...
TomTom Navi Goes to Telefónica Firefox OS DevicesGPS Business News

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TomTom Launches Online Maps and Navigation In HTML5 Through Partnership ... - Business Wire (press release)

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 07:30

TomTom Launches Online Maps and Navigation In HTML5 Through Partnership ...
Business Wire (press release)
Our priority is to empower users with a mobile experience that makes their lives richer and more efficient, and great content like TomTom's ensures that,” said Bertrand Neveux, Director of Marketplace and Ecosystem at Mozilla. “Telefónica has now ...

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Mozilla Firefox 37.0.2: Zweites Notfall-Update für Browser notwendig - T-Online

Nieuws verzameld via Google - do, 23/04/2015 - 07:18

T-Online

Mozilla Firefox 37.0.2: Zweites Notfall-Update für Browser notwendig
T-Online
Mozilla hat für seinen Firefox-Browser innerhalb weniger Tage ein zweites Notfall-Update bereitgestellt. Das Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (BSI) schließt Angriffe nicht aus und empfiehlt allen Firefox-Nutzern eine rasche ...
Firefox: Mozilla veröffentlicht wichtiges UpdateSPIEGEL ONLINE
Mozilla: Der Firefox-Hersteller schlittert in die KrisederStandard.at
Mozilla schließt schwere SicherheitslückeHannoversche Allgemeine
ComputerBase -soeren-hentzschel.at
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Ian Bicking: A Product Journal: As A Building Block

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 07:00

I’m blogging about the development of a new product in Mozilla, look here for my other posts in this series

I teeter between thinking big about PageShot and thinking small. The benefit of thinking small is: how can this tool provide value to people who wouldn’t know if it would provide any value? And: how do we get it done?

Still I can’t help but thinking big too. The web gave us this incredible way to talk about how we experience the web: the URL. An incredible amount of stuff has been built on that, search and sharing and archiving and ways to draw people into content and let people skim. Indexes, summaries, APIs, and everyone gets to mint their own URLs and accept anyone else’s URLs, pointing to anything.

But not everyone gets to mint URLs. Developers and site owners get to do that. If something doesn’t have a URL, you can’t point to it. And every URL is a pointer, a kind of promise that the site owner has to deliver on, and sometimes doesn’t choose to, or they lose interest.

I want PageShot to give a capability to users, the ability to address anything, because PageShot captures the state of any page at a moment, not an address so someone else can try to recreate that page. The frozen page that PageShot saves is handy for things like capturing or highlighting parts of the page, which I think is the feature people will find attractive, but that’s just a subset of what you might want to do with a snapshot of web content. So I also hope it will be a building block. When you put content into PageShot, you will know it is well formed, you will know it is static and available, you can point to exact locations and recover those locations later. And all via a tool that is accessible to anyone, not just developers. I think there are neat things to be built on that. (And if you do too, I’d be interested in hearing about your thoughts.)

Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

The Servo Blog: This Week In Servo 31

Mozilla planet - do, 23/04/2015 - 00:45

In the past two weeks, we merged 100 pull requests

Lars and Mike wrote a blog post on Servo on the Samsung OSG blog

Notable additions New contributors Screenshots

This is a simple demo of our new WebGL support.

Meetings

Minutes

  • We’re trying out Reviewable for code review instead of Critic. It’s pretty neat!
  • Homu is working out very well for us
  • We ought to have some new team members soon!
  • Integration with the Firefox timeline devtool has landed
Categorieën: Mozilla-nl planet

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